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JERAWAT

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JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Fri Dec 05, 2008 2:22 am

Jerawat



Jerawat merupakan masalah kulit yang menyebabkan terhasilnya bengkak-bengkak pada muka, dada atau belakang badan. Ia kemudiannya membentuk jerawat putih yang kecil mengandungi nanah atau jerawat hitam atau bonjolan berwarna merah.

APAKAH YANG MENYEBABKAN JERAWAT?

  • Gabungan faktor-faktor seperti genetik, hormon, bakteria, liang tersumbat dan keradangan akan menyebabkan jerawat.
  • Folikel rambut atau liang pada kulit mengandungi kelenjar sebum yang menghasilkan sebum (minyak). Semakin banyak sebum dikeluarkan, peluang untuk mendapat jerawat semakin tinggi.
  • Apabila liang ini tersumbat dengan sebum dan keratin (sel kulit yang mati) jerawat hitam (komedo) akan terbentuk.
  • Jika liang yang tersumbat kekal tertutup dan ia membengkak, kita gelarkannya sebagai jerawat putih (whitehead).
  • Jika liang yang tersumbat kekal terbuka dan permukaan atasnya (pada kulit) menjadi gelap, ia dikenali sebagai jerawat hitam.
  • Dinding folikel mungkin pecah lalu membentuk bonjolan berwarna merah.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MENGGANGGU KULIT

Gangguan hormon disebabkan oleh:

  • Tekanan psikologi.
  • Pra-haid.
Faktor persekitaran seperti:

  • Kelembapan yang tinggi lalu menyebabkan kulit membengkak.
  • Menggunakan kosmetik seperti sesetengah jenis pelembap, bedak asas dan minyak rambut.
  • Pekerjaan yang melibatkan minyak dan gris (contoh memasak kentang goreng).
  • Pakaian yang kasar.
Ubat-ubatan seperti pil perancang kehamilan dan ubat tertentu (dapatkan nasihat doktor atau pegawai farmasi).

GEJALA

  • Ruam kulit atau lesi (luka) pada muka, dada, leher, bahagian atas belakang badan, bahu atau bahagian-bahagian lain.
  • Komedo (jerawat putih atau jerawat hitam bergantung kepada warnanya).
  • Lesi atau kulit di sekeliling lesi menjadi kemerah-merahan.
  • Radang di sekeliling tompokan pada kulit.
  • Tompokan pada kulit menjadi berkerak.
  • Kulit menjadi berparut.
  • Pigmentasi.

PENGURUSAN SENDIRI

  • Basuh muka dengan air dan sabun yang lembut atau gunakan pencuci antiseptik 2 kali sehari dan lap kering dengan tuala yang lembut.
  • Sikat atau ikat rambut supaya tidak menutup muka.
  • Gunakan pelembap berasaskan air (dapatkan nasihat doktor atau pegawai farmasi).
  • Jangan menggunakan bahan-bahan kosmetik yang berminyak seperti bedak asas atau pelindung cahaya matahari.
  • Jangan mencucuk, menggaru dan memicit jerawat, noda hitam atau noda putih. Ini boleh menyebabkan kulit muka berparut.
  • Jangan meletakkan/merehatkan muka di atas tangan seperti berteleku/ menongkat dagu dan lain-lain kerana ini boleh merengsakan kulit muka.
  • Gunakan ubat jerawat yang dapat menghalang liang daripada tersumbat dan menanggalkan noda hitam dan noda putih.
  • Patuhi arahan penggunaan ubat jerawat dengan berhati-hati.
  • Hentikan penggunaan ubat jerawat jika mendatangkan kesan sampingan yang teruk.
  • Pakai pakaian yang longgar dan nipis jika jerawat terdapat di belakang badan atau dada.

KOMPLIKASI
1. Fizikal - parut yang kekal di muka.
2. Psikologikal - gangguan psikologi terhadap keyakinan diri, harga diri, personaliti dan kehidupan sosial.

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Fri Dec 05, 2008 2:30 am

What Causes Acne & Pimples

There are oil glands on your chest, face and back numbering in the thousands. In fact, between the nose and cheek areas there are as many as two thousand oil glands every square inch. The function of these oil glands is to lubricate the skin by producing oil, or sebum. Oil that is produced in the glands flows through follicles or tiny ducts to the surface of the skin. It usually starts far beneath the surface of the skin. A blemish (or internal lump) begins about 2 to 3 weeks before it appears on your skin's surface. Acne first begins to form in your sebaceous hair follicles.

You know this as "pores", the tiny holes on you skin. Deep within each hair follicle, sebaceous glands generate sebum, the oil that keeps your skin soft, moist and pliable. As part of your skin's renewal process the old cells die and are shed off. Normally, this cell shedding process happens gradually, and fresh new skin takes its place.

But sloughing (the process where living tissue is separated from dead skin tissue) is not the same for everyone. Some people shed cells evenly while others don't. The result of uneven sloughing is that dead cells become sticky, clogging together to form a plug, similar to a cork in a bottle. This plug traps oil and bacteria inside the follicle. The trapped oil begins to form a lump as your skin continues its normal oil production. Your body's natural defense system then sends an army of white blood cells to attack the bacteria. The whole process takes around 2 to 3 weeks, resulting in a pimple.

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by amanda on Fri Dec 05, 2008 12:31 pm

Bagus ni. Tq cikgu x. Saya ada jerawat dan sekarang saya dah tahu apa nak buat... Embarassed

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Mia on Fri Dec 05, 2008 2:10 pm

Semoga Kakak Amanda selesa... Laughing

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by shasha_polcey on Tue Feb 24, 2009 9:13 pm

sy pernah kena yang mcm ber nanah tu.but once only.

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by mira_96 on Mon Mar 02, 2009 8:48 pm

hehehehe...normal bgi orang pompuan..

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Wed Mar 04, 2009 4:53 am

jerawat berlaku pd lelaki & perempuan, cara paling berkesan, bersihkan kulit muka selalu, dan jgn terlalu memicitnya sb ini akan menjadikan permukaan kulit muka anda bergerutu.

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by shasha_polcey on Wed Mar 04, 2009 2:30 pm

&& tambah abanyak kah kalau d picit?bergeratu tu apa?

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by brenda on Thu Mar 05, 2009 5:05 pm

Shasha, what is the meaning of your signature?

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by shasha_polcey on Fri Mar 06, 2009 1:39 pm

its...umm...peace-tak.i like to do peace at school so i add an extra tax to it...hehe...to make it funky i do it pishtax.hee..

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Sylzt on Fri Mar 06, 2009 5:13 pm

muka anda akan bergerutu bermaksud muka anda akan menjadi tidak licin kerana sesuatu akan timbul di permukaan kulit muka anda (jerawat)

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Fri Mar 06, 2009 5:21 pm

betul tu... muka juga boleh bergerutu jika terlalu memicit jerawat yg menyebabkan struktur permukaan kulit rosak. Jika struktur permukaan kulit rosak, sukar utk memulihkannya.

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by shasha_polcey on Fri Mar 06, 2009 6:24 pm

jd cikgu,cmana lah tu kalau kena pakai baju nipis??

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Fri Mar 06, 2009 9:02 pm

pakai baju nipis? di muka? Rolling Eyes

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Sylzt on Sat Mar 07, 2009 1:18 am

apa pulak kaitan pakai baju nipis sama jerawat ni?? di belakang pun tumbuh jerawat kah? atau?? >.<

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Sat Mar 07, 2009 9:12 pm

jerawat boleh tumbuh di mana2, termasuklah di bhg belakang, leher, dada...

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by ayumi on Tue Jul 21, 2009 4:26 am

slalu jerawat akan henti pada umur bape? tau ka?

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jerawat

Post by sophie78 on Tue Jul 21, 2009 8:43 am

Jerawat akan berhenti tumbuh apabila pemakanan dan hormon dalam badan dah stabil. Tapi bagi perempuan, akan berlaku perubahan hormon yang menyebabkan setiap bulan muka pasti akan ditumbuhi jerawat!! Hehe....

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by Cikgu X on Tue Jul 21, 2009 10:21 am

ya betul tu, sb tu perlu jaga kebersihan kulit supaya jerawat tdk teruk... sb kalau teruk, ia akan mencacatkan penampilan diri..

_________________mbf...

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TYPICAL FACTOR FOR MALAYSIAN HAVING ACNE PROBLEM

Post by Cikgu Sensei on Thu Dec 03, 2009 10:41 am

Acne or blemishes is very easy to cure basically.

The most significant factor among Malaysian is that, the skin is not clean, so bacteria causing the acne/blemish to appear.

The second reason, is the skin is oily and the oils clogs the pores and does bacterias start to grow at the pores,
thus causing acne/blemish.

The other factor could be our blood toxicity.....or maybe our unhealthy diet
What a Face

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by brenda on Sat Dec 05, 2009 8:46 am

Oh no! I am getting my first pimple! What to do? Very Happy

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by ooinaru on Mon Dec 07, 2009 12:41 pm

hehe... don't worry... it's normal...

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by brenda on Mon Dec 07, 2009 1:04 pm

ok.. Smile

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by mimie on Mon Dec 07, 2009 6:20 pm

..jerawat..jerawat...nGeE~.. Like a Star @ heaven Very Happy

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Re: JERAWAT

Post by scholastica nicol alecsan on Tue Dec 08, 2009 7:17 pm

setiap hari jerawat tumbuh,setiap hari jerawat tumbuh.......camna ni,apa nak buat?dah nak dekat Krismas?!?! Sad Crying or Very sad

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Re: JERAWAT

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